The ancient Egyptians worshiped many false gods. One of the underlying reasons that Yahweh repeatedly hardened Pharaoh in order to multiply the plagues1 was so that He could target all the areas of these gods’ “power,” to prove they were false and futile. The overarching statement of proof comes on the cusp of the final plague: “…and on all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am Yahweh” (Ex. 12:12). Numbers 33:4 also remembered, “…Yahweh had also executed judgments on their gods.”2
This essay details the Egyptians’ idolatrous superstitions behind the specific plagues, so that we can better appreciate the victory of the sovereign Yahweh in the book of Exodus.
[For more, see the PDF.]